Many forms of arthritis can affect the feet, ankles and knees causing swelling, pain and stiffness. The two most common forms of arthritis we see here at the Kenmore Podiatry Clinic are listed below.
The most common form of arthritis, osteoarthritis is a chronic condition characterised by the breakdown of the cartilage that cushions the ends of the bones where they meet to form joints. The breakdown of cartilage causes the bones to rub against each other, causing stiffness, pain and loss of movement in the joint.
In the foot, osteoarthritis most commonly affects the big toe, but it can also affect the midfoot. The knee is one of the joints most commonly affected by osteoarthritis.
Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic inflammatory disease of the joints that occurs when the body’s immune system, which normally protects us from infections mistakenly attacks the synovium (the thin membrane that lines the joints).
The result can be joint damage, pain, swelling, inflammation, loss of function and disability to the feet, ankles, knees, hands, wrists and elbows. Rheumatoid arthritis commonly affects the small joints of the feet, often causing symptoms in several joints of both feet. This can lead to the development of corns and bunions, and the curling and stiffening of the toes into positions such as claw toe or hammer toe.
Our team are experienced in treating all types of arthritis and will provide you with a pain management plan. Contact us for more information or to make an appointment.
WANT TO KNOW MORE?
For more information about foot problems, go to our Advice Centre which has factsheets you can download as well as the latest news on foot conditions or just contact us with your questions.